Why are UP & Bihar so poor? Detailed explanation of 4 main reasons

Why are UP & Bihar so poor? Detailed explanation of 4 main reasons

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UP & Bihar are the usual fall 'guys' while discussing India's poverty. They have been the laggards for as long as we remember. But their current destitute situation is by no accident. It is a result of policies (or the lack of) and mistakes committed by several administrations, including the Indian govt and the British. In this video, we discuss these in detail.

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Sources:

Research Papers:
1. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/21681376.2014.943804
2. https://www.nipfp.org.in/media/medialibrary/2013/04/WP_2012_107.pdf
3. https://economics.mit.edu/files/511
4. https://spire.sciencespo.fr/hdl:/2441/5gpts2mlf09rtau5aus9vco36c/resources/2016iepp0043-verniers-gilles-these.pdf

News Articles:

Introduction:
https://www.nytimes.com/1987/04/27/world/india-s-corner-of-mystery-bihar-s-poor-and-lawless.html
https://www.census2011.co.in/census/state/districtlist/bihar.html
https://www.nytimes.com/1982/03/29/world/despite-grisly-evidence-india-glorifies-its-bandits.html
https://www.indiatoday.in/magazine/indiascope/story/19880531-poor-compensation-to-uttar-pradesh-farmers-for-their-fields-797300-1988-05-31
https://www.indiatoday.in/magazine/crime/story/19820331-uttar-pradesh-most-wanted-dacoit-chhabiram-killed-after-seven-and-a-half-hour-battle-771625-2013-10-18
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/salt-and-roti-in-mid-day-meal-expose-take-photos-dont-shoot-videos-up-district-magistrate-tells-print-journalists/article29325073.ece
https://www.livemint.com/Politics/2mYGqXDSb37bediFJmGUvL/Indias-BIMARU-states-developing-but-not-catching-up.html
https://www.news18.com/news/india/corruption-here-an-open-secret-says-patna-hc-judge-chief-justice-withdraws-all-work-from-him-2288935.html
https://scroll.in/article/666450/the-roots-of-goonda-raj-why-theres-so-much-violence-in-uttar-pradesh
https://www.outlookindia.com/magazine/story/the-black-hole-in-the-heart/299141

Land & Agriculture:
https://www.indiatoday.in/magazine/special-report/story/19861231-root-cause-of-almost-all-rural-conflicts-in-bihar-attributed-to-land-801564-1986-12-31
https://www.indiatoday.in/magazine/special-report/story/19861231-root-cause-of-almost-all-rural-conflicts-in-bihar-attributed-to-land-801564-1986-12-31

Freight:
https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/lucknow/up-has-highest-migration-rate-in-country-assocham/articleshow/59043938.cms

Politics:
https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/tamil-nadu-tops-good-governance-index-among-big-states-maharashtra-and-karnataka-get-second-third-slot/articleshow/72978601.cms?from=mdr
https://www.livemint.com/Opinion/fWQKXW40ESyLgf0mlIqEyH/A-wakeup-call-for-regional-parties-relying-only-on-identity.html

Solutions:
https://www.indiatoday.in/magazine/state-of-states-bihar/story/20181119-a-silent-breakthrough-1384199-2018-11-11#ssologin=1#source=magazine
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-22479055
http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/75189/1/blogs.lse.ac.uk-How%20to%20reduce%20poverty%20in%20Bihar.pdf
https://www.livemint.com/Opinion/pvoBRRu9Dsd9fwwtJYQMwO/Why-Uttar-Pradesh-should-be-split.html
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-india-landrights-records/india-nearly-doubles-budget-for-digitization-of-land-records-idUSKCN11C1ST
https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/policy/panel-suggests-major-land-reform-steps-in-bihar/articleshow/2948750.cms?from=mdr
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/nitish-kumar-meets-modi-seeks-compensation/article7035717.ece
https://www.firstpost.com/india/uttar-pradesh-police-rescues-ghaziabad-business-from-kidnappers-arrests-man-claiming-to-be-iaf-personnel-4324569.html
https://qz.com/india/225236/uttar-pradesh-sends-the-largest-number-of-indian-workers-abroad-not-kerala-or-punjab/
https://www.newindianexpress.com/states/tamil-nadu/2009/jan/09/bihari-diaspora-urged-to-invest-in-bihar-16595.html
https://blogs.wsj.com/indiarealtime/2015/09/25/indian-voting-might-at-last-be-about-the-economy-study-shows/