Why did India and Pakistan agree to the LoC ceasefire?

Why did India and Pakistan agree to the LoC ceasefire?

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After rising tensions and limited political relations, why did India and Pakistan agree to the LoC ceasefire?

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Research: Prachi Yadav
Editing: Mayank Maurya
Animation support: Ronit Soin (Instagram/@itsnotraunaq) & Ajeesh Babu

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Markers
0:00 Introduction
1:46 What is the LoC?
3:02 Indian perspective to the agreement
6:05 Pakistani perspective to the agreement
7:26 American perspective to the agreement
10:47 Conclusion

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Sources:

0. Introduction

https://www.business-standard.com/article/current-affairs/modi-lands-in-pakistan-via-birthday-diplomacy-115122600038_1.html
https://youtu.be/QePufrUnLwg
https://youtu.be/4GEjqtE-tdA
https://zeenews.india.com/news/india/uri-attacks-why-sushma-swarajs-speech-at-unga-is-important_1933615.html
https://youtu.be/kLb9dU0u37s
https://youtu.be/0rLSBy57xx0
https://warontherocks.com/2020/09/can-india-transcend-its-two-front-challenge/
https://southasianvoices.org/indian-elections-2019-will-modis-strongman-image-bring-electoral-success/
https://youtu.be/KqNS7uAvOxk
https://www.lokniti.org/media/upload_files/Compiled%20report%20for%20Day%201.pdf

1. LoC Agreement
https://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-and-pakistan-agree-to-stop-cross-border-firing-in-kashmir-7204215/
http://www.defencejournal.com/sept99/loc.htm
https://www.loc.gov/resource/g7653j.ct001059/?r=-0.629,0.057,2.257,1.375,0
https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/defence/the-out-of-control-line-between-india-and-pakistan/articleshow/80151567.cms
https://youtu.be/QrulHrbtKdE
https://www.reddit.com/r/india/comments/l92l3y/two_decades_20012020_story_of_ceasefire/

2. Indian perspective
https://www.financialexpress.com/defence/indian-army-ready-for-a-two-front-war-pakistan-and-china-potent-threat-to-india-army-chief/2169506/
https://youtu.be/KiA3QTWWPiE
https://thekootneeti.in/2020/07/16/modernization-of-indian-armed-forces/
https://foreignpolicy.com/2021/01/01/india-china-himalayas-ladakh-standoff/
https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/union-budget-defence-budget-hiked-by-just-1-4-but-more-money-for-military-modernization/articleshow/80631424.cms
https://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/indias-trade-with-china-falls-in-2020-deficit-at-five-year-low/
https://asia.nikkei.com/Business/Technology/India-permanently-bans-TikTok-and-58-other-Chinese-apps
https://eurasiantimes.com/troubled-economy-surging-defence-budget-a-two-front-war-scenario-weaken-indias-position-against-china/
https://www.csis.org/analysis/breaking-down-chinas-2020-defense-budget
https://www.thehindu.com/business/budget/union-budget-2019-20-no-change-in-defence-allocation/article28298659.ece
https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.CD?locations=IN-CN
https://www.imf.org/en/Publications/WEO/Issues/2021/01/26/2021-world-economic-outlook-update

3. Pakistani perspective
https://theprint.in/opinion/pakistan-agreed-to-ceasefire-because-gen-bajwa-had-a-musharraf-moment/614051/
https://www.livemint.com/news/world/pakistan-to-remain-on-fatf-grey-list-till-june-asked-to-address-strategic-deficiencies-11614272962346.html
https://www.wionews.com/south-asia/fatf-grey-list-takes-down-pakistan-by-usd-38-billion-report-366261
https://www.tabadlab.com/bearing-the-cost-of-global-politics/
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-pakistan-economy-imf/imf-and-pakistan-agree-conditions-met-to-release-500-million-idUSKBN2AG1UX?il=0
https://asia.nikkei.com/Politics/International-relations/Pakistan-efforts-to-mend-fences-with-Saudi-led-bloc-bear-fruit
https://www.dawn.com/news/1610094
https://tribune.com.pk/story/2286201/pakistan-india-agree-to-restore-loc-ceasefire-after-dgmos-talk

4. American perspective
https://www.dw.com/en/india-pakistan-tug-of-warjeopardizesafghan-peace-process/a-53482558
https://youtu.be/ERWvmyuelIY
https://archive.org/details/amrc_i50_i_199609
https://www.dawn.com/news/377239/bush-soon-to-sign-vital-bill-on-ties-with-pakistan
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-45386278
https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/6/24/afghanistan-who-controls-what
https://www.npr.org/2020/09/12/912294791/afghan-taliban-talks-begin-as-long-warring-sides-seek-end-to-decades-of-bloodshe
https://youtu.be/C4ZnbBpmmPQ
https://theprint.in/diplomacy/india-unlikely-to-talk-to-taliban-directly-despite-us-push-to-change-stance/417975/
https://warontherocks.com/2021/02/america-cant-ignore-the-next-indo-pakistani-crisis/
https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/us-welcomes-india-pakistan-joint-statement-on-ceasefire/articleshow/81219741.cms

5. Conclusion
https://www.news18.com/news/india/time-to-declare-2003-india-pakistan-ceasefire-agreement-dead-1632311.html
https://indianexpress.com/article/india/ceasefire-agreement-positive-army-7206549/